[138] During his tenure as House Republican leader, Ford had led efforts to have Douglas impeached. And he said, 'I'm just warning you that you've got to be prepared, that things might change dramatically and you could become President.' I think I got that ambition within a year or two after I was in the House of Representatives". After mulling various options the Ford administration decided that it was necessary to respond with a major show of force. After a decade of failing to do so, he promised his wife that he would try again in 1974 then retire in 1976. On the proper right side is inscribed a quotation from a tribute by Tip O'Neill, Speaker of the House at the end of Ford's presidency: "God has been good to America, especially during difficult times. He later decided to pardon Nixon for other reasons, primarily the friendship he and Nixon shared. As he left the St. Francis Hotel in downtown San Francisco, Sara Jane Moore, standing in a crowd of onlookers across the street, fired a .38-caliber revolver at him. "[181], In April 1997, Ford joined President Bill Clinton, former President Bush, and Nancy Reagan in signing the "Summit Declaration of Commitment" in advocating for participation by private citizens in solving domestic issues within the United States. Gerald J. Ford is an American businessman. [143], In addition to the pardon dispute and lingering anti-Republican sentiment, Ford had to counter a plethora of negative media imagery. Ford took the oath of office on August 9, 1974, after Richard Nixon’s resignation amid the Watergate scandal. The new 50,000-square foot interdisciplinary research hub will equip faculty, students and industry partners with tools and resources to collaborate, solve complex problems and power new enterprises. Ford gifted his alma mater Southern Methodist University $20 million in 1997 for a new football stadium and $15 million in 2013 to build a research center. Full pardon for draft dodgers came in the Carter administration. "[33] Appointed to the House Appropriations Committee two years after being elected, he was a prominent member of the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee. Which will succeed and why? His father was a son of prominent banker Charles Henry King and Martha Alicia King (née Porter). Gawthorpe, A. J. [48], In 1964, Lyndon Johnson led a landslide victory for his party, secured another term as president and took 36 seats from Republicans in the House of Representatives. Ford chose a young Wyoming politician, Richard Cheney, to replace Rumsfeld as his new Chief of Staff; Cheney became the campaign manager for Ford's 1976 presidential campaign. [86] The main point of that speech was to introduce to Congress a one-year, five-percent income tax increase on corporations and wealthy individuals. [9] He was raised in Grand Rapids with his three half-brothers from his mother's second marriage: Thomas Gardner "Tom" Ford (1918–1995), Richard Addison "Dick" Ford (1924–2015), and James Francis "Jim" Ford (1927–2001). "We gave Nixon no choice but Ford," House Speaker Carl Albert recalled later. Capitol. On November 22, 2004, New York Republican Governor George Pataki named Ford and the other living former Presidents (Carter, George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton) as honorary members of the board rebuilding the World Trade Center. [166], In September 1981, Ford advised Reagan against succumbing to Wall Street demands and follow his own agenda for the economic policies of the US during an appearance on Good Morning America: "He shouldn't let the gurus of Wall Street decide what the economic future of this country is going to be. Ford also believed the more conservative Ronald Reagan would be unable to defeat Carter and would hand the incumbent a second term. [39][40] Ford was known to his colleagues in the House as a "Congressman's Congressman". This is the shortest and most honest of recent presidential memoirs, but there are no surprises, no deep probings of motives or events. "[59] He went on to state: I have not sought this enormous responsibility, but I will not shirk it. [68] Regardless, historians believe the controversy was one of the major reasons Ford lost the 1976 presidential election, an observation with which Ford agreed. In 1974, he also received the highest distinction of the Scout Association of Japan, the Golden Pheasant Award. [147], Televised presidential debates were reintroduced for the first time since the 1960 election. 6400, THE 1965 VOTING RIGHTS ACT", Celebrating the life of President Gerald R. Ford on what would have been his 96th birthday, "Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum", "Gerald Ford, 38th President, Dies at 93", "LBJ Appoints Gerald Ford to the Warren Commission", "Ford Told FBI of Skeptics on Warren Commission", "Ford told FBI about panel's doubts on JFK murder", "Gerald Ford: Steady Hand for a Nation in Crisis", "Address by President Gerald R. Ford, May 23, 2001", "Gerald R. Ford's Remarks Upon Taking the Oath of Office as President", "Remarks By President Gerald Ford On Taking the Oath Of Office As President", "Gerald R. Ford's Remarks on Taking the Oath of Office as President", "The Daily Diary of President Gerald R. Ford", "The Vice Presidency: Rocky's Turn to the Right", "President Gerald R. Ford's Proclamation 4311, Granting a Pardon to Richard Nixon", "Presidential Proclamation 4311 by President Gerald R. Ford granting a pardon to Richard M. Nixon", "Ford Pardons Nixon – Events of 1974 – Year in Review", "For Ford, Pardon Decision Was Always Clear-Cut", "Ford Testimony on Nixon Pardon – C-SPAN Video Library", "Sitting presidents and vice presidents who have testified before congressional committees", "Fred Barnes on Conversations with Bill Kristol", "Sen. Ted Kennedy crossed political paths with Grand Rapids' most prominent Republican, President Gerald R. Ford", "Ford Offers Amnesty Program Requiring 2 Years Public Work; Defends His Pardon Of Nixon", "Gerald R. Ford: Proclamation 4313 – Announcing a Program for the Return of Vietnam Era Draft Evaders and Military Deserters", Secretary of Transportation: William T. Coleman Jr. (1975–1977), Nixon's Fall and the Ford and Carter Interregnum, "Consumer prices up 0.9% in October, 12.2% for year; annual rate is highest since 1947", CRS Report RL33305, The Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax of the 1980s: Implications for Current Energy Policy, "President Gerald R. Ford's Statement on Signing the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975", "U.S. jobless rate up to 9.2% in May, highest since '41", "Office of Management and Budget. Diamond A - Ford Corporation has 14 total employees across all of its locations and generates $1.47 million in sales (USD). In 1943, the carrier helped secure Makin Island in the Gilberts, and participated in carrier strikes against Kavieng, New Ireland in 1943. Our great republic is a government of laws and not of men. The length of Donald Trump’s presidential tenure is 1.5 years shorter than the gap between Spectre (November 2015) and No Time to Die (April 2021). [150], The Nixon pardon controversy eventually subsided. Still in place from the Nixon administration was the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT). [98], As president, Ford's position on abortion was that he supported "a federal constitutional amendment that would permit each one of the 50 States to make the choice". DeFrank T: Write It When I'm Gone, G. Putnam & Sons, New York, NY, 2007. "Manufacturing Voter Confidence: a Video Analysis of the American 1976 Presidential and Vice-presidential Debates". He turned down offers from the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers of the National Football League. Following his years as president, Ford remained active in the Republican Party. [199], Scouting was so important to Ford that his family asked for Scouts to participate in his funeral. "[54], After Nixon was elected president in November 1968, Ford's role shifted to being an advocate for the White House agenda. We ought to learn from the Democrats: when they were running ultra-liberal candidates, they didn't win. In April 1981, he opened the Gerald R. Ford Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan, on the north campus of his alma mater, the University of Michigan,[158] followed in September by the Gerald R. Ford Museum in Grand Rapids.[159][160]. "[110] During Kissinger's shuttle to Israel in early March 1975, a last minute reversal to consider further withdrawal, prompted a cable from Ford to Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, which included: I wish to express my profound disappointment over Israel's attitude in the course of the negotiations ... Failure of the negotiation will have a far reaching impact on the region and on our relations. The changes included removal of an entire 86-page section on CIA assassination plots and numerous edits to the report by then-deputy White House Chief of Staff Richard Cheney.[109]. Hersey, John Richard. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT TO BAN THE USE OF POLL TAX AS A REQUIREMENT FOR VOTING IN FEDERAL ELECTIONS", "TO PASS H.R. The Washington, D.C. fireworks display on the Fourth of July was presided over by the President and televised nationally. Many in the press jokingly called this "The Ev and Jerry Show. Ford was initiated into Freemasonry on September 30, 1949. Ford's paternal grandfather Charles Henry King paid child support until shortly before his death in 1930. After one month of training, he went to Navy Preflight School in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, where he was one of 83 instructors and taught elementary navigation skills, ordnance, gunnery, first aid, and military drill. Ford attacked Carter's conduct of the SALT II negotiations and foreign policy in the Middle East and Africa. Although conservative Republicans were not pleased that Rockefeller was picked, most of them voted for his confirmation, and his nomination passed both the House and Senate. Gerald Ford has been buying distressed banks and turning them around since 1975, when he bought his first bank. Gerald Ford answers questions about being a self made entrepreneur. Nevertheless, they felt the need to respond forcefully to discourage further provocations by other Communist countries in Asia. For other uses, see, For a chronological guide to this subject, see. "Kissinger, Ford, and Congress: the Very Bitter End in Vietnam". One of our independent directors, Gerald J. Ford, serves as non-executive Chairman of the Board and Richard C. Adkerson serves as Vice Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer. The Third Fleet lost three destroyers and over 800 men during the typhoon. [178], In April 1991, Ford joined former presidents Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and Jimmy Carter, in supporting the Brady Bill. They now called her son Gerald Rudolff Ford Jr. In a pre-recorded embargoed interview with Bob Woodward of The Washington Post in July 2004, Ford stated that he disagreed "very strongly" with the Bush administration's choice of Iraq's alleged weapons of mass destruction as justification for its decision to invade Iraq, calling it a "big mistake" unrelated to the national security of the United States and indicating that he would not have gone to war had he been president. 1975. [1] In one of his most controversial acts, he granted a presidential pardon to President Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal. [63], On September 8, 1974, Ford issued Proclamation 4311, which gave Nixon a full and unconditional pardon for any crimes he might have committed against the United States while president. After the game, assistant coach Bennie Oosterbaan said, "When I walked into the dressing room at halftime, I had tears in my eyes I was so proud of them. [122] According to Ben Kiernan, the invasion and occupation resulted in the deaths of nearly a quarter of the Timorese population from 1975 to 1981. Rockefeller underwent extended hearings before Congress, which caused embarrassment when it was revealed he made large gifts to senior aides, such as Henry Kissinger. Carter later attributed his victory in the election to the debates, saying they "gave the viewers reason to think that Jimmy Carter had something to offer". [80], The 1974 Congressional midterm elections took place in the wake of the Watergate scandal and less than three months after Ford assumed office. [92] In January 1975, Ford proposed a 1-year tax reduction of $16 billion to stimulate economic growth, along with spending cuts to avoid inflation. [43], Ford was nominated to take Agnew's position on October 12, the first time the vice-presidential vacancy provision of the 25th Amendment had been implemented. [194] By November 2006, he was confined to a bed in his study. The agreement guaranteed the territorial integrity of Vietnam and, like the Geneva Conference of 1954, called for national elections in the North and South. "[53] The press, used to sanitizing Johnson's salty language, reported this as "Gerald Ford can't walk and chew gum at the same time. "[52] Johnson said at the time, "Jerry Ford is so dumb he can't fart and chew gum at the same time. Ford's first press secretary and close friend Jerald terHorst resigned his post in protest after the pardon. Ford's successor, Jimmy Carter, opened his 1977 inaugural address by praising the outgoing President, saying, "For myself and for our Nation, I want to thank my predecessor for all he has done to heal our land. The alma mater of Tom Brady, Gerald Ford and James Earl Jones has a new financial aid plan to make college tuition-free. It was unveiled on May 3, 2011, in the Capitol Rotunda. Now, therefore, I, Gerald R. Ford, President of the United States of America, to remind all Americans that it is fitting and just to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment adopted by the Congress of the United States of America, in order to secure legal equality for all women and men, do hereby designate and proclaim August 26, 1975, as Women's Equality Day. The 1975 Act appropriated $455 million toward the costs of assisting the settlement of Indochinese refugees. As Chase commented, "He even mentioned in his own autobiography it had an effect over a period of time that affected the election to some degree. [31] Ford also visited local farms where, in one instance, a wager resulted in Ford spending two weeks milking cows following his election victory. [23], Ford hoped to attend Yale Law School beginning in 1935. With the blessing of the Ford family, it was placed back into circulation in 2012 as part of the Michigan Football Legends program and issued to sophomore linebacker Desmond Morgan before a home game against Illinois on October 13. During his brief administration, he replaced all members except Secretary of State Kissinger and Secretary of the Treasury William E. Simon. [205], The trust the American public had in him was rapidly and severely tarnished by his pardon of Nixon. 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